The percentage of illegal downloaders and streamers of music, films, TV series, books and games across Europe declined between 2014 and 2017, according to the Global Online Piracy Study by the Institute for Information Law (IViR) at the University of Amsterdam.
The study, which was given financial support by Google, found a decrease in the number of illegal users in six out of the seven European countries — France, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK. This smaller group of pirates, however, downloaded and streamed more illegal content than three years ago. In Germany there was a slight increase in the numbers of users of illegal content, thanks to a small increase for games.
IViR conducted consumer surveys in 13 countries and found that cost was the primary motivation for using illegal channels. Even so, more than 95% of internet pirates also consumed legal content, and their median legal consumption is typically twice that of those who only use legal channels. In each country in the study, the per capita expenditure on music, films, series, games and books increased in the past three years.
The share of the internet population that downloaded or streamed content illegally in the past year varies strongly between the countries in the study: from 23% in Japan to 84% in Indonesia, where only a quarter of the population is online.
After Japan, Germany has the smallest percentage of pirates, followed by the UK and The Netherlands.
Purchasing power was an important driver for both legal consumption and the number of pirates: the higher per capita income levels, the lower the percentage of pirates per legal user. A convincing link to the availability of enforcement measures was not found.
The report is available free here.[/privacy]